CS 163/164, Fall 2017
Lab 20 - Linked Lists
(Thursday, Nov. 30th ||
Friday, Dec. 1st)
Objectives of this Lab
- To set up the P13 project
- Practice implementing Linked List methods
- Implement a simple book system
In this recitation we will implement a singly linked list class
to get a better understanding of this reference-based data structure.
The interface you will implement is very similar to that provided by
ArrayLists, but the way in which they are implemented is very different.
Phase 1 - Build the project
Create an P13 project and download the following files into that project.
You will also need to download a text file containing books that appeared on the New York Times list of top 10 Fiction Hardback Books.
This file contains the books name, author, and number of pages.
Phase 2 - File Descriptions
Book.java is nothing out of the ordinary - it's just keeps
track of the book's title and its author, as well as the number
of pages. It has a few getter and setter methods, but overall
this class is very straight forward.
BookNode.java is a little more interesting.
A BookNode is an object that stores a Book in its book
instance variable, and has a reference
to the next BookNode in its next instance variable.
If the node is the last one in the sequence, its next variable will be set to null.
There are also methods for setting the next node and getting the next node, as well as a method for returning the book that the node contains.
Now let's look at the LinkedBookList class. You'll see that the instance variables for this are very simple. Only a BookNode called head, which refers to the first item, and an int to keep track of the size of the linked list.
This is all we need, since each element contains a reference to the next one.
R20.java is your test program to run and show the output to the TAs.
Phase 3 - Implementation
Your task is to implement the first add method, which adds a
book at the end of the list (not the beginning).
This method will require you to iterate through the list. You can do this either with a while loop or a for loop.
If using a for loop, think what are the three components that make up the loop:
(initialization; are we done?; operation to reach the next item)
Many of the operations that we are trying to implement here, can be
reasoned through by drawing pictures. Use that to reason how far to go,
when to set which pointers, and when to delete pointers.
Show your work to the TA for credit for this lab.