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Neural networks

Here's the neural network code I showed in class:

nnet.py
"""
Feed-forward neural networks trained using backpropagation
based on code from http://rolisz.ro/2013/04/18/neural-networks-in-python/
"""
 
 
import numpy as np
 
def tanh(x):
    return np.tanh(x)
 
def tanh_deriv(x):
    return 1.0 - np.tanh(x)**2
 
def logistic(x):
    return 1/(1 + np.exp(-x))
 
def logistic_derivative(x):
    return logistic(x)*(1-logistic(x))
 
class NeuralNetwork:
    def __init__(self, layers, activation='tanh') :
        """
        layers: A list containing the number of units in each layer.
                Should contain at least two values
        activation: The activation function to be used. Can be
                "logistic" or "tanh"
        """
        if activation == 'logistic':
            self.activation = logistic
            self.activation_deriv = logistic_derivative
        elif activation == 'tanh':
            self.activation = tanh
            self.activation_deriv = tanh_deriv
        self.num_layers = len(layers) - 1
        self.weights = [ np.random.randn(layers[i - 1] + 1, layers[i] + 1)/10 for i in range(1, len(layers) - 1) ]
        self.weights.append(np.random.randn(layers[-2] + 1, layers[-1])/10)
 
    def forward(self, x) :
        """
        compute the activation of each layer in the network
        """
        a = [x]
        for i in range(self.num_layers) :
            a.append(self.activation(np.dot(a[i], self.weights[i])))
        return a
 
    def backward(self, y, a) :
        """
        compute the deltas for example i
        """
        deltas = [(y - a[-1]) * self.activation_deriv(a[-1])]
        for l in range(len(a) - 2, 0, -1): # we need to begin at the second to last layer
            deltas.append(deltas[-1].dot(self.weights[l].T)*self.activation_deriv(a[l]))
        deltas.reverse()
        return deltas
 
    def fit(self, X, y, learning_rate=0.2, epochs=50):
        X = np.asarray(X)
        temp = np.ones( (X.shape[0], X.shape[1]+1))
        temp[:, 0:-1] = X  # adding the bias unit to the input layer
        X = temp
        y = np.asarray(y)
 
        for k in range(epochs):
            if k%10==0 : print ("***************** ", k, "epochs  ***************")
            I = np.random.permutation(X.shape[0])
            for i in I :
                a = self.forward(X[i])
                deltas = self.backward(y[i], a)
                # update the weights using the activations and deltas:
                for i in range(len(self.weights)):
                    layer = np.atleast_2d(a[i])
                    delta = np.atleast_2d(deltas[i])
                    self.weights[i] += learning_rate * layer.T.dot(delta)
 
    def predict(self, x):
        x = np.asarray(x)
        temp = np.ones(x.shape[0]+1)
        temp[0:-1] = x
        a = temp
        for l in range(0, len(self.weights)):
            a = self.activation(np.dot(a, self.weights[l]))
        return a
 
def load_digits_data(corrupt=True) :
    from sklearn.datasets import load_digits
    digits = load_digits()
    X = digits.data
    if (corrupt) :
        X = X + np.random.binomial(1, 0.5, X.shape) * np.random.uniform(1, 15, X.shape)
    y = digits.target
    X /= X.max()
    return X,y
 
def train_test_evaluate(X, y) :
    from sklearn.cross_validation import train_test_split 
    from sklearn.metrics import confusion_matrix, classification_report
    from sklearn.preprocessing import LabelBinarizer
    layers = [64, 100, 20, 10]
    X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.5, random_state=0)
    labels_train = LabelBinarizer().fit_transform(y_train)
    labels_test = LabelBinarizer().fit_transform(y_test)
 
    nn = NeuralNetwork(layers, 'logistic')
    nn.fit(X_train,labels_train,epochs=10)
    predictions = []
    for i in range(X_test.shape[0]) :
        o = nn.predict(X_test[i])
        predictions.append(np.argmax(o))
    print (confusion_matrix(y_test,predictions))
    print (classification_report(y_test,predictions))
 
 
if __name__=='__main__' :
    X,y = load_digits_data(corrupt = True)
    train_test_evaluate(X, y)
code/neural_networks.txt ยท Last modified: 2016/10/18 20:31 by asa