In English alphabetical order. Use browser's FIND to locate term.
Posted by Dr. Prem Gada. Please send him any suggestions.
Abadhita With no contradiction of the probandum
Abadhitavisayatva Absence of contradiction of the probandum
Abhavya One who is incapable of attaining moksa
Abhedavrtti Identifying by transference of epithet
Abhedopacara Making identical aspect predominant
Abhikshna-Jnanopayoga Ceaseless pursuit of right knowledge.
Abhiseka Anointing ceremony
Abhyuhana Process of understanding
Abrahma-varjana Abandonment of all incontinence
Acaksurdarsana Perception by means of the senses other than visual
Acarya Head of a mendicant group; spiritual leader; monk-scholar
Acharya-Bhakti Devotion to Acharyas or Heads of the Orders of Saints.
Adama-nirjara Equanimous submission to the fruition of karma
Adana-niksepana-samiti Care in the picking up and putting down of any object
Adattadana-virati Not taking anything which has not been given; identical to asteya-vrata
Adeya Impressive; appearance such as may affect others.
Adharma Principle of Rest
Adharma-dravya The principle of rest
Adhigama preaching of another.
Adhikaraniki-kriya having weapons of hurtfulness.
Adho-loka The lower world; the home of infernal beings
Adhyavasaya Determinate cognition
Advaita Non-dual; cap., the monistic school of Vedanta
Agama Scripture; canonical literature
Aghatiya Karamas that generate embodiment and particular conditions thereof
Aghatiya Non-Destructive karmas
Agurulaghu Nor heavy-light; neither too heavy to move, nor too light to have stability.
Agurulaghutva Capacity by which one attribute or substance does not become another and the substance does not lose the attributes whose grouping forms the substance itself.
The quality of constancy in space-points
Ahara Agrahya-Vargana Assimilation-unrecievable-molecule
Ahara-Vargana Assimilation-molecule for food
The spiritual man-like emanation from the head of a saint in doubt, in the sixth spiritual stage.
Aharaka mishra Assimitative with physical.
Aharaparyapti Taking of morsels of food
Aharyaprasanjana Determinate concomitant
Aharyaropa Determinate concomitant
Ahavaniya-agni One of the sacred fires in the Hindu srauta ritual
Ahimsavrata Refraining from harming
Ailaka The highest state of a Digambara layman, wherein he retains only one piece of clothing
Which is not soul
Ajna-vyapadiki-kriya Misinterpreting the scriptural injunctions, which we do not want to follow.
Wrong belief caused by ignorance. Indiscrimination of good and bad.
Ajnanika Agnostic. Everything is not knowable. This is one of the general attributes of all substances.
Ajnavicaya Contemplation on the teachings of Jina
Akama-nirjara Equanimous submission to the fruition of karma.
Akashaya Quasi-passions; slight or minor passions.
Akriyavada Doctrine of non-action
Akriyavadi Opposite of Kriyavadi, e.g., the soul does nothing. This undermines all
Aksa An organ of sense
Aksata Uncooked rice
Aksaya-trtiya The "immortal third," a Jaina holiday
Alocana Critical self-examination
Aloka-akasa Totally empty space
Alokitapana-bhojana Thoroughly seeing to one's food and drink.
Amanaska Without mind
Amari Prohibition of animal sacrifice
Amsavatara Minor incarnation of Visnu
Amudha drishtitva Free from superstitious belief.
Amudhadrsti Freedom from delusory notions
Amurtatva Along with Achetanatva, is common to Space, Motion, Rest and Time.
Along with Chetanatva, is a common attributes of the class of substance, or group of attributes, called Soul. Immateriality
Anabhoga putting down a thing where it ought not to be put.
Anabhoga-kriya indifference in dropping things or throwing oneself down upon the earth, i.e. without seeing whether it is swept or not.
Anadeya Non-impressive; dull appearance.
Anadhyavasita Neither known
Anadi Having no beginning
Anadinidhana Without beginning and without end
Anagara-dharma Mendicant discipline
Anakanksha-kriya Disrespect to scriptural injunctions out of vice or laziness.
Anakaropayoga Formless conscious activity
Anangapravista Main scriptions
Ananta-sukha Infinite bliss
Anantadharma Infinite aspects
Anantajnana Infinite knowledge; a synonym for kevalajnana
Anantanubandhi Error feeding or wrong-belief-breeding or Right-belief preventing-passions.
Anantanubandhi-kasaya Passions that "Pursue from the limitless past," preventing the attainment of samyak-darsana
Anantaviryatva Infinite energy
Ananvaya Lacking in positive concomitance
Anarpitabhasa False unimplied point of view
Anarpitanaya Unimplied view-point
Anartha danda-vrata Taking a vow not to commit purposeless sin
Anarthadandavrata Refraining from the five minor types of evil activity
Anashana Fasting--external austerity.
Anavastha Regressus ad infinitum
Anekantavada The doctrine of manifold aspects
Anga Limb; cap., a group of twelve Jaina canonical texts
Angabahya The subsidiary canon
Angapuja Veneration of the limbs of the lord
Angopanga Limbs; limbs and minor limbs.
Anigraha Free from defect
Anindriyaja Non-sensuous, not caused by senses
Anirakrta Not refuted
Anitya anupreksha Everything is subject to change or transitory.
Anivartin That state from which there is no returning
Anivrtti-karana The process of suppressing certain mohaniya karmas
Antar-muhurta A period of up to forty-eight minutes
Antara-bhava The state of existence between death and rebirth
Antaratman The state of perceiving the self within
Antaraya inflow of obstructive karma
Antaraya-karma Karma that restricts the energy-quality of the soul
Antarjalpa Inward repetition
Antarmuhurtta For a moment
Antarmuhurttika A period of less than forty-eight minutes
Antarvyapti Internal concomitance
Antyesti-kriya Funeral rites
Anu Atom; an indivisible particle of matter
Anu Vargana Atom
Anu-Vratas Five minor vows.
Anubhaga intensity of fruition
Retribution of a karma; intensity
Anubhaya-mana Neither true nor false.
Anubhaya-vachana Neither true or false.
Anubhuta Cognised, felt
Anugamika (Avadhijnana) Following
Anumati-tyaga Preparatory to the monk's life. Enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to aquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Anumatityaga-pratima The tenth stage in which a layman refrains from all household activities
Anupatta Matter which is not taken in by the soul.
Anupayoga Not in actual use
Anupayukta Without attention
Anupreksa Reflection, twelve kinds
Anupurvi Migratory form; the power of retaining the form of the last incarnation
during transmigration, i.e., in the passage from one to another condition of existence.
Anutseka not being proud of one's own achievement or attainments.
Anuvichi-bhashana Speaking in accordance with scriptural injunctions.
Anuvratas Minor vows pertaining only to laypeople
Anuyoga Exposition; a group of postcanonical texts
Anvaya Concomitance in agreement
Anyatarasiddha Unproved for either of the two
Anyathanupapatti Logical impossibility in the absence of the other
Anyatva anupreksha Sepatateness. Otherness. The world, my relations and friends, my body,
and mind, they are all distinct and separate from my real self.
Apadhyana Thinking ill of others.
Apara (Samgrahanaya) Non-ultimate (generic)
Aparyapti Undevelopable; Incapable of developing the body fully.
Aparyavasita (Srutajnana) Having no end
Apavartana Energy that hastens the time and decreases the intensity of karmic fruition
Apaya Perceptual judgment
Apayavicaya Contemplation on the means by which beings can be saved
Apradhanacarya Nominal acarya
Apramatta-virata Restraint not vitiated by carelessness, the seventh gunasthana
Apramatva Non-organ of knowledge
Aprapyakaritva The quality of acting from distance
Apratita Neither known
Apratya Vekshita Putting down a thing without seeing.
Apratyakhyana-kriya not renouncing what ought to be renounced.
Apratyakhyanavarana Obstructors of partial renunciation
Apratyakhyanavaraniya Partial vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.
Apta-vacana Statement of an authentic personality
Apurva-karana The process by which the soul attains to an unprecedented degree of purity
Arahamta Prakrit for arhat
Arambha Commencement of a thing - compare attempt in Criminal Law.
Arambha-tyaga Abandonment of merely worldly engagements and occupations.
Arambhatyaga-pratima The eighth stage in which a layman withdraws from all professional commitments
Arambhaya-himsa Violence occurring either accidentally or through the performance of an
Arapa Hot light; radiant heat; possessed of a brilliant body, which is hot to others but not to the possessor, as the gross radiant earth bodied beings in the sun.
Arati Displeasure in regard to sense activities
The lamp-waving ceremony
Ardha naracha samhanana Semi-unbreakable joints and bones.
Ardha-phalaka Loincloth worn by Svetambara monks
Ardha-pudgala-paravartana-kala The amount of time required for a soul to take in and use up half of the available karmic matter in the universe
Arghya Respectful offering
Arham Identical to arhat
Arhat "Worthy to worship"; an epithet of one who has attained kevalajnana; a synonym for kevalin
Arhat Kevali Omniscient Lord
Arhat-Bhakti Devotion to Arhats or Omniscient Lords.
Arihamta A variant for arahamta
Arpitanaya Implied point of view
Arpitanayabhasa False implied point of view
Artha Meaning of a word
Artha (Kaladigata) Object
Artha-kriya Exercise of casual efficiency
Artha-kriyasamartha Capable of performing any action
Artha-naya Point of view of meaning
Artha-nayabhasa False point of view of meaning
Artha-paryaya Mode of the object
Artha-prapakatva Conveyance of the sense
Artha-pratipadaka Support of truth
Artha-samvedana Manifested in the statement
Arthavagraha (Matijnana) Object-awareness
Arupi-ajiva The four insentient, formless dravyas
Aryika Nuns of the Digambara sect
Asad guna udbhavana proclaiming in oneself the good qualities which one does not possess.
Asamgrahika (Naigamanaya) Non-generic
Asamjni Unable to reason about spiritual matters
Asamprapta sripatika samhanana Loosely jointed bones.
Asarira Free from embodiment; a siddha
Asat-khyati Knowledge of a non-existent thing
Asata-vedaniya Pain-feeling; that which brings pain. The inflow of pain-bringing-feeling
Asata, Asatavedaniya Experience of pain
Asatya mana False mind
Ascarya Extraordinary event
Asharana anupreksha Unprotectiveness; helplessness. The soul is unprotected from the fruition of karmas. Death, pain, pleasure, success, failure are the necessary results of our acts in this or past lives.
The attraction of good or bad matter by the soul in virtue of its mental, vocal, or bodily activity.
Ashrava anupreksa Inflow. The inflow of karma is the cause of my mudane existence and it is the product of passions, etc.
Ashubha Ugly (body).
Ashubha-nama A Bad-body-making karma
Ashuchi anupreksha Impurity. The body is impure and dirty.
Asi "Sword"; government
Asiddha (Hetvabhasa) Non-existence
Asiddhata Unproved state
Asiddhi Whose existence cannot be proved
Asrava Karmic influx
The thought-activity invites the karmic matter into the soul.
Astanga Eight limbs (of samyak-darsana)
Asteya Not stealing
Asthira (unsteady circulation of blood, etc.).
Asti-kaya Having extension
Asubha-karma Unwholesome karma
Aticara Infractions committed by accident
Atidesavakya Analogical sentence
Atisaya-ksetra Places where miraculous events associated with great monks have
Atithi-samvibhaga Sharing with (ascetic) guests
Taking a vow to take one's food only after feeding the ascetivs with a part of it.
Ativyapti Undesirable extension
Atma ninda denouncing one's self
Atma prashansa Praising oneself
Atman Soul; self
Atmanubhava Abiding in one's own nature
Atmarthatva Meant for the self
Atmarupa (Kaladigata) Form
Atmasad-guna uchchhadana not proclaiming one's own good qualities.
Attara guna A kind of production of the dependance relating to the non-soul, i.e.,
production of books, pictures, statues, etc.
The physical body of all men and animals.
Audarika mishra Physical with karmic.
Audarikasarira Gross-body of Lord
Aupapadika Born spontaneously
Avadhi (Jnana) Clairvoyance
Avadhidarsana The indistinct type of awareness preceding avadhijnana
Avadhijnana Supermundane knowledge such as clairvoyance
Avagraha (Matijnana) Determinate perception
Avamaudarya Eating only a very small portion of food
Avamodarya Eating less than one's fill, or less than one has appetite for--external
Avantara samanya General substance
Avapodvapa Elimination and addition
Avarana The veil
Avarana ksaya Destruction of veil
Avarnavada Causes the right-belief-deluding karmic matter(Darshana).
Avasarpini Descending round
Avashyaka-parihari Not neglecting one's six important daily duties
Avastu-nirbhasa Dealing with no object
Avasyaka Essential duty
Avaya (Matijnana) Perceptual judgment
Avicyuti Absence of lapse
Avinayeshu Those who are uncivil or ill-behaved. ??????
Avipaka-nirjara Inducing a karma to leave the soul by means of a contrary karma, or by means of ascetic practices.
Avirata Vowlessness, non-renunciation. Vowlessness.
Aviruddhanupalabdhi (Hetu) Non-availability of non-contradictory
Aviruddhopalabdhi (Hetu) Availability of non-contradictory
Aviveka Lack of discrimination
Avyaktaksara Indistinct sound
Ayaga-pata Votive slabs
Ayariya Prakrit for acarya
Ayashah kirti Notoriety; bringing bad name, even if one does good actions.
Ayoga-kevalin The fourteenth gunasthana, attained by the kevalin when, in the instant
before death, all his activities cease
Ayu-karma Karma that determines the span of a given lifetime
Badara Gross (body).
Badha Depriving of vitality
Badhita-visaya Subject being hindered
Bahiratman (Perceiving) The self in externals
Bahirvyapti External concomitance
Bahu (Matijnana) Many
Bahu-shruta-bhakti Devotion to Upakhyayas or teaching Saints.
Bahuvidha (Matijnana) Multiplied
Bala tapa austerities not based upon right knowledge
Balabhadra A Jaina literary type; the hero and companion of narayana
Balatapa Austerities not based upon right knowledge.
Bandha Attracted matter had actually become a part of our body, i.e., when it has
become bound to the soul as the body is already bound to it.
The matter comes and binds the soul.
Bandhana Bondage; molecular bondage.
Energy that brings about karmic influx
Bhaikshya-shuddhi Purity of alms, according to the scriptures.
Bhanga Infractions committed intentionally
One of the seven-fold ways of statement
Bhasa-samiti Care in speaking
Bhasha Agrahya-Vargana Speech-unrecievable-molecule
Bhattaraka Venerable ones; a class of Jaina clerics
Internal; states of a dravya; a synonym for paryaya
Bhava-jiva Real symbol of soul
Bhava-puja The internal aspect of a devotional practice
Bhava-samyaktva The internal aspect of true insight
Practice; a section of the Acaranga-sutra
Bhavanavasi Those (gods) who reside in mansions
Bhavasruta Real functioning knowledge
Bhavollasa Aroused emotions
Bhavya One who is capable of attaining moksa
Bhavyatva Capability of attaining moksa
Bheda-vivaksa Desired difference
Bheda-vrtti Attitude of difference
Bhedopacara Secondary use of difference
Bhekta-pana mixing up food and drink.
Bhiksu-pratima Difficult asuterities recommended for a mendicant
Bhirutva-pratyakhyana Giving up cowardice or fear.
Bhoga Antaraya obstructive of Enjoyment, of non-comsumable things.
Bhoga-antaraya Karma that restricts enjoyment
Bhoga-bhumi Realm of enjoyment
Bhogopabhaga-parimanavrata Restraint against practicing certain professions and partaking of certain foods
Bhuta-anukampa compassion for all living beings.
Bhutacatustaya Division of four matters
Bijapuraka-kataha A seed-filled fruit, probably Aegle Marmelos, used for medicinal purposes
Bodhi durlabha anupreksha Rarity of Right path. It is difficult to attain right-belief, knowledge and
Bodhi-durlabha The rarity of enlightenment
Bodhisattva One who follows the career of a Buddha
Brahmacari Celibate; one who has reached the seventh pratima
Brahmacarya-pratima The seventh pratima, in which absolute continence is observed
Brahman The unitary Absolute postualted by the Vedanta school
Brahmana (Brahman) A member of the priestly caste
Brahmavrata Refraining from all illicit sexual activities
Cakravartin Universal monarch
Caksuradijanita Effected by eyes etc.
Caksurdarsana Visual perception
Candala Untouchable; a synonym for svapaka
Candana Sandalwood paste
Caritra-mohaniya Conduct-deluding karmas
Catuhsarana The four refuges
Caturvimsati-stava Sanskrit caturyama-samvara; a synonym for caujjama-dhamma
Caujjama-dhamma Sanskrit caturyama-dharma, the fourfold restraint ascribed to Parsva
Chadmastha A person in the state of bondage in this universe.
Cheda Reduction in seniority
Cheda-sutra A law book dealing with monastic offences
Chetanatva along with Amurtatva, is a common attribute of the class of substance, or
group of attributes,called Soul. Consciousness
Citrajnana Knowledge of the picture
Culika Appendix; a class of Jaina cononical texts
Daksina-agni One of the sacred fires in the Hindu srauta ritual
Dana Antaraya Charity-Obstructive.
Dana-antaraya A type of karma that hinders the practice of charity
Dandin One who carries a staff
Darsana Indeterminate intuition, faith Intuition; a system of philosophy; insight;
Darsana-mohaniya Insight-deluding karmas
Darsana-pratima The first step on the ladder of pratima
Darsanavaraniya Perception-obscuring karmas
Darshana mohaniya right-belief-deluding karmic matter
Darshana-kriya infatuated desire to see a pleasing form.
Darshana-vishuddhi purity of right-belief
Dasa-dharma Ten forms of righteousness
Dashaya Astringent, (Saline).
Desa-virata The fifth gunasthana where desa-virati is attained
Desa-virati The set of restraints prescribed for a Jaina layman
Desana-labdhi Obtaining instruction in the Jaina teachings
Desavakasika Limiting the area of one's movement
Deshavrata Taking a vow to limit worldly activity to fixed points for a short period of
time, for example,for one's weely or daily worldly activity.
Heavenly beings; untimate divinity
The Celestial beings
Deva Anupurvi Celestial--migratory form.
Deva-brahmana Divine brahman, i.e., a Jaina brahman
Deva-dusya "Divine" cloth; a finely woven piece of cloth
Deva-mudhata Delusion pertaining to gods
Deva-nikayas The four orders of gods
Devagama The arrival of gods at a holy gathering
Devajiva Soul of the god
Devanupurvi The power of retaining the last form whatever it was, in going to the celestial condition of existence.
Devapuja Worship of the Tirthankaras
Devayu Celestial age.
Holy law; elements in Buddhist doctrine; righteousness, ten forms
Principle of Motion
The true Religion
Dharma svakhya tattvanupreksha Nature of Right-Path as said by the conquerors. The true nature of Truth, i.e., the three fold path to real Liberation.
Dharma-dravya The principle of motion
Dharma-katha Religious tale
Dharma-labha Increase in righteousness
Dharma-svakhyatatva The absolutely true teachings of the Jinas
Dharma-tirtha Holy path
Dharmadhyana Virtuous concentration
Dhruva (Matijnana) Constant
Dhruva Shunya-Vargana Fixed-indifferent-molecule
Dhruva Vargana Fixed-molecule
Dhvani The word
Dhyana Concentration--internal austerity. Meditation
Digambara Sky-clad; name of the Jaina sect whose mendicants practice ascetic nudity
Digha-tapassi One who engages in extended penances
Digvrata Restriction on the distances a person may travel
Taking a life-long vow to limit his wordly activity to fixed points in all the 10 directions; East, West, North, South, South-east, East-north, North-west, West-south, and Up and Down.
Divyadhvani Miraculous sound
Dravya (Niksepa) Substance
Dravya-carya Nominal acarya
The physical basis of the mind
Dravya-puja Form of worship employing external objects
Dravya-samyaktva The external aspect of true insight
Dravyadeva Substantial symbol of god
Dravyajiva Substantial soul
Dravyajivatva Substantial soul
Dravyakalpana Distinction of substance
Dravyanikaramba Substance transformed into sense-data
Dravyartha Through the substance
Dravyarthika Of the substance
Dravyarthikabhasa False point of view of substance
Dravyarthikanaya Point of the substance
Dravyastikanaya Material point of view
Dravyatva capacity by which it is always changing in modifications.
Dravyendra Sense qua substance
Drstanta-dosa Fallacy of example
Duh-pramrishta Putting down a thing petulantly or peevishly.
Duhshruti Reading or hearing bad books.
Duhsvara Harsh-voiced, noisy.
Durbhaga unprepossessing; even though beautiful.
Durgamdha Evil-smelling; mal-odorous.
Dusama-dusama Extremely unhappy
Dvesa Hatred; aversion
Dvesha Hatred in the pleasing and displeasing wordly objects of the five senses.
Eka One; unitary
Eka-ksetravagaha Occupying the same locus
Eka-phalaka Probably identical to eka-sataka
Eka-sataka A mendicant who wears a single piece of cloth
Taking only one aspect of a many-sided thing e.g., man is mortal and immortal, regarded from the point of view of body and soul respectively.
Taking only one view.
Ekanta-nitya Absolutely eternal
Ekantavada Extremism; absolutist doctrine
Ekantavadin One who holds an absolutist doctrine
Ekartha-samavayin Co-inherent in the same substratum
Ekatva anupreksha Loneliness, I am alone the doer ofmy actinos and the enjoyer of the fruits of them.
Ekatvajnana Knowledge of oneness
Ekendriya A being with only one (namely, the tactile) sense faculty; a synonym for sthavara beings
Esana-samiti Care in accepting alms
Eva In fact; an important term in the formula of the sapta-bhangi-naya
Evambhuta (Naya) The such-like
Evambhutabhasa False such-like view point
Gaccha A chapter of monks
Gajanimilika Closing of eyes like an elephant
Gamika (Sruta) Scriptures containing repetitions
Gana A residence unit for monks
Ganadhara Direct disciple of the Tirthankaras Supporters of the order, i.e., the first
mendicant disciples of a Tirthankara
Gandharva Celestial musician
Gani-pidaga Basket of the ganadharas, i.e., the canon ofthe Jainas
Ganin Leader of the order
Garhapatya-agni One of the sacred fires of the Hindu srauta ritual
Gati Birth; destiny
condition of existence
Condition; Condition of existence.
Gau Cow (animal) or the action of going
Ghana-ambu Humid air
Ghana-vata Dense air
Ghatanama Name of pitcher
Ghatikarman Destructive karmans
Karmas that have a vitiating effect upon the qualities of the soul
Ghoratavassi One who practices severe austerities
Gorji A term used for yati
Gotra Exogamous groups
Gotra-karma Karmas that determine environmental circumstances
Gumma A chapter of monks
Guna (Kalpana) Quality
Guna sthana Fourth spiritual stage.
Guna vratas Special vows relating to the limitation and determination of his daily work, food and enjoyment.
Guna-adhikshu The path of liberation.
Guna-sabda Word indicating quality
Gunasthana The fourteen stages of purification
Gunavratas Restraints that reinforce the practice of the anuvratas
Guni-desa (Kaladigata) Territory of object
Guru-mudhata False beliefs pertaining to teachers
Guru-upasti Listening to and venerating teachers
Laughter; Risible or Laughter-producing.
Hasya-pratyakhyana Giving up of frivolity.
Hetu-dosa Fallacy in the cause
Hetu-samarthana Support by cause
Hetvabhasa Fallacies of reasons
Himsa Injury,harming violence
Himsadana Giving objects of offence to others.
Hiyamana (avadhijnana) Decreasing
Hundaka Unsymmetrical; disproportionate, deformed.
Hundavasarpini A period of avasarpini in which extraordinary events may take place
Indrasthapana Which has the shape of India
Indriya An organ of sense
Irya Care in walking.
Irya-samiti Care in walking
Iryapatha-kriya walding carefully, i.e., looking on the ground for protecting living beings which may be trod upon and thus injured.
Isat-pragbhara-bhumi "Slightly bent region," the name of the final abode of the liberated souls [the siddhas]
Ista-devata Chosen deity
Jaina Follower of Jina, a synonym for Nigantha; one who has samyak-darsana
Jaina-brachman Laypeople in charge of priestly functions within certain Jaina communities
Jaina-sasana Teaching of the Jainas
Jainabhasa False Jainas
Janma-kalyana Birth; one of the five auspicious events in the career of a Tirthankara
Jara Old age
Jarisabda Root word
Jati Birth, caste; species within a gati Genus of beings.
Jati (Kalpana) Sophism
Jati-karma The variety of nama-karma that determines one's specific destiny
Jati-mantra A litany used in celebrating the birth of a child
Jayamala Garland of victory; a hymn in praise ofthe Jinas
Jigisu katha A debate which is held for victory
Jina Spiritual victor; a synonym for Tirthankara
Jina-agama Jaina scripture
Jina-bhavana Jaina temple
Jina-bimba Image of Jina
Jina-nama Name of Jina
Jinakalpin A monk whose conduct is modeled upon that of Mahavira
Jinasthapana Image of Jina
Jiva Kanda Fifth of the Sacred Books of the Jainas
Jnana-cetana Consciousness characterized as knowing itself
Jnananaya Point of view of knowledge
Jnananayabhasa False point of view of knowledge
Disgust; aversion. Hiding one's own, and publishing other people's shortcomings.
Jyotiska The steller gods
Kaivalya Pure knowledge
Time stages within the progressive and regressive half-cycles; time as a dravya
Kala (Drvyadigata) Periodically
Kala (Kaladigata) Time
Kala (Kalakarakadigata) Time
Kalatyayapadista Mistimed (contradicted)
Kalikasruta A Jain scripture
Kalpatita Born in the highest heavenly abodes
Kalpopapanna Born in the kalpa heavens
Kalyanaka Auspicious moments
Kanyadana Ceremony of giving away the bride
Kapota-lesya Gray karmic strain
Karana (Hetu) Cause
Karanantarasakalya Co-operation of all other causes
Karananupalabdhi Non-availability of the cause
Karanatva As the cause
Karanollekha Mention of instrument
Karma-bhumi Realm of action
Karma-cetana Consciousness of oneself as the doer of actions
Karma-phala-cetana Consciousness of oneself as the enjoyer of the karmic fruits
Karma-prakrti The particular form into which karmic matter is differentiated
Karmana-sarira The transmigrating body of karmic matter
Karunya Pity, Compassion for the afflicted.
Karya (Hetu) Effect
Karyanupalabdhi Non-availability of the effect
Kavala-ahara Food in morsels; ordinary human food
Kaya Movement by body.
Kaya klesha Mortification of the body, so long as the mind is not disturbed--external
Kaya-klesa Mortifications of the body
Kayiki-kriya a wicked man's readiness to hurt others.
Kayotsarga Abandonment of the body, a standing or sitting posture of meditation
Kesa-loca The practice of pulling out one's hair in five handfuls
Kevala (Jnana) Perfect knowledge
Kevaladarsana Perception associated with kevalajnana
Kevalajnana Knowledge isolated from karmic obstruction; infinite knowledge;
omniscience; knowledge involving awareness of every existent in all its qualities and modes
Kevalin One who has attained kevalajnana; a synonym for arhat
Kilita samhanana Riveted bones.
Klishyamaneshu The afflicted.
Kramabhavi Occurring successively
Kramayaugapadya Simultaneity or order
Kriya (Kalpana) Activity
Kriya naya Point of view of action
Kriyanayabhasa False point of view of action
Kriyas Actions; a Jaina term for sacred rites
Kriyasabda Root word
Kriyavadi belief in time, soul, etc., as causing everything in the world.
All the substances perform their functions and become causes of different effects.
Krodha-pratyakhyana Giving up anger.
Krsna-lesya Black karmic stain
Ksamasramana An ascetic who suffers with equanimity; title used in addressing a monk during the ritual fo confession
Ksatriya Member of a warrior caste
Ksayika-samyak-darsana True insight achieved by the destruction of darsana-mohaniya karmas
Ksayopasama Cessation and subsidence of karmic veil
Ksayopasama-labdhi Attainment of purity by the destruction-cumsuppression of certain karmas
Ksayopasamika-samyaktva True insight achievedby the destruction cum-suppression of
darsana-mohaniya karmas; identical to vedakasamyaktva
Ksina-moha Permanent dissociation from all caritra-mohaniya karmas and from the
passions which they produce, the twelfth gunasthana
Ksipra (Matijnana) Quick
Ksullaka Minor; junior monk; a Jaina layman on the eleventh pratima; one who wears three pieces of clothing
Kumara-sramana A life-long celibate
Kundalini-cakra Mystical centers of psychic energy
Kutastha-nitya Eternal and unchangeable
Labdhi (Aksara-sruta) Potential auditory attainment
Labdhi (Indriya) Sense qua attainment
Labdhyaksara Potential auditory attainment
Labha Antaraya Gain-Obstructive.
Labha-anfaraya Hindrance to the attainment of something
Lesya Karmic stain, the color of which indicates a soul's degress of purity
Lobha-pratyakhyana Giving up greed.
Loka anupreksha Universe. The nature of the Universe and its constituent elements in all thei vast varity proving the insignificance and miserable nothingness of man in time and space.
Loka-akasa The inhabited universe
Loka-mudhata False beliefs pertaining to everyday religious practices
Madhya-loka Middle of terrestrial world
Madhyasthya Tolerance or indifference to those who are uncivil or ill-behaved.
Mahana Prakrit for Sanskrit brahmana
Mahavira-jayanti Birth anniversary of Mahavira
Mahavrata The five great vows of a mendicant
Maitri Benevolence for all living beings.
Mamsa Flesh; meat
Mana Movement by mind.
Manah-paryaya Psychic mode
Manah-paryaya (Jnana) Intuition of the modes of other minds Telepathy
Manah-paryaya-darsana Intuition of the psychic mode
Manahparyayajnana Direct awareness of thought forms of others without the aid of mind or
Manasatva Mental cognition
Manastambha A characteristic Jaina pillar
Mano Agrahya-Vargana Mind-unreceivable-molecule
Manodravya Mind substance
Manogupti Preservation of mind.
Manojanma Born of mind
Manojanya Born of mind
Mantra Holy litany
Manushya Anupurvi Human--Migratory form.
Manushyayu Human age.
Manusya Human being
Manusya-gati Human destiny
Marga prabhavana Propagation of the path of Liberation.
Masi Ink; writing
Mastakabhiseka Head-anointing [ceremony]
Mati (Jnana) Perceptual
Matijana Mind-based knowledge
Maulahetu Original cause
Maya Causes inflow of sub-human age karma
Cheating others, preaching the false doctrines, etc. Deceit
Maya-shalya The thorn of deceit.
Mayakriya Deceitful disturbance of some one's right knowledge and faith.
Mithya (Sruta) False
Mithya darshana Wrong belief.
Mithya-darshana-kriya Praising actions due to wrong belief.
Mithya-drsti Perverted vision
Mithya-shalya The thorn of wrong-belief.
Mithyadarsana Synonymous with mathyadrsti and mithyatva
Mithyadrsti Incorrect viw of reality, the first gunasthana
Mithyatva Lack of insight; synonymous with mithyadarsana and mithyadrsti
Mithyatva-kriya That which strengthenswrong belief, e.g., superstition, etc.
Mohaniya-karma Karma that prevents the true perception of reality and the purity of the
soul; karma that defiles the bliss-quality of the soul
Salvation; emancipation from the cycle of birth and death
Moksa-marga The path of salvation
The total separation of Soul from the bondage of all matter
Muh-patti A small piece of cloth worn over the mouth by Sthanakavasi mendicants
to protect airbodies from harm
Mukta The Liberated Soul.
Mula Guna a kind of production of the dependance relating to the non-soul, i.e., of the
body, speech, mind and respiration.
Mulagunas The eight basic restraints of a Jaina layman
Mulasutra A group of texts belonging to the subsidiary canon
Muni Mendicant; sage
Murtatva Along with Achetanatva, is common to Matter.
Naigama (Naya) Non-distinguished
Naigamabhasa False point of view of the non-distinguished
Nama Body-making Karma
Nama (Niksepa) Symbol of name
Nama-Jaina Nominal Jaina
Nama-karma Karma that determines destinies and body types
Namadinayasamudayavada Combination of the points of view of name etc.
Namadiniksepa Symbols of names etc.
Namajiva Name symbol of soul
Namaskara-mantra Reverent salutation to the [five] holy beings
Namaskaraniksepa Symbol of salutation
Namatmaka Form of the name
Namendra The name `Indra'
Nandyavarta A kind of diagram
Napumsaka Veda Common sex.
Napumsakaveda Sexual cravings for a hermaphrodite
Naracha-Samhanana Unbreakable joints and bones.
Naraka Hell; the world of infernal beings Hellish.
Naraka Anupurvi Hellish--migratory form.
Narakayu hellish age.
Narakayu karma Hellish age karma
Naraki Hell beings
Narayana A Jaina literary type; the hero's companion and slayer of the villian
Nasti Does not exist; the second member of the sapta-bhangi-naya
Naya Partial truth
View; partial expression of truth
Nayabhasa False point of view
Nayavada Doctrine of nayas
Nayavakya Statement from a point of view
Nicha Gotra Low family.
Nichaih Vritti an attitude of humility towards one's betters.
Nidana Seeking worldly gain from the performance of good deeds and austerities
The thorn of desire for future sense-pleasures.
Nidhatti Energy that renders karmas incapable of all activity save changes in fruition time and intensity
Nidra-Nidra Deep sleep.
Unattached, without possessions; ancient name for the Jaina community
Nigoda The lowest form of life
proper control over mind, speech and body.
Nigrahadhikarana Place for defeat
Nihkamksita Freedom from anticipation
Nihksepa (Niksepa) The different ways of putting a thing
Nihnava Falsehood, heresy
Nihsankita Freedom from doubt
Nikacana Energy that renders karmas incapable of all activity
Nila-lesya Blue karmic stain
Nimitta-karana External efficient cause
Nir vichikitsita Free from repulsion from anything.
Nirjara Dissociation of karmas
The falling away of karmic matter from the soul.
The gradual shedding of the matter already boundis shedding
Nirjara anupreksha Shedding. Karmic matter must be shed from or shaken out of the soul.
Nirmana Formation; proper formation of limbs and minor limbs in relation to their situation and dimensions.
Nirnitavipaksavrttika Whose existence in the hetrologous is decisive
Nirvana Release from bondage; the final death of an enlightened human being [arhat] followed immediately by moksa
Nirvana-bhumi The place at which a Tirthankara attained nirvana
Nirvicikitsa Freedom from disgust
Nirvrttindriya Physical sense-organ shaped like Kadamba flower
Niryukti Prakrit verse commentary
Nisarga inborn error
Nisarga Kriya Admiration of hurtful or unrighteous things.
Niscaya (Naya) Consideration
Niscaya-naya Nonconventional view
Niscayabhasa False real point of view
Niscita (Matijnana) Determined
Nisedhakalpana Negative aspect
Nisedhasakhaka (Hetu) Which proves negation
Nishkankshita Free from wordly desire.
Nisshankita Free from all doubt.
No-kasaya Subsidiary passions
No-kashaya Quasi-passions; slight or minor passions.
Nyag rodha parimandala Banyan-like; short in lower but large in upper extremities like a
Om Sacred sound formed by combining the first syllable of each word in the namaskara-mantra
Padartha-pratibandha Indirectly connected with an object
Padastha-dhyana Concentration upon holy chants
Padma-lesya Lotus-pink karmic stain
Paindastha-dhyana Concentration upon certain objects made up of the elements of matter
Paksa-sadhya-samsarga Association of the subject with the probandum
Paksa-suddhi Purification of the thesis
Paksabhana Knowledge of the subject
Paksadharmata Subsistence in the subject
Paksadharmatva Subsistence in the subject
Paksadosa Fallacy in the thesis
Paksavacana Statement of the subject
Paksiya sadhya-sadhana-sambandha Relationship of the probandum and the probane of the subject
Pamana-siddha Proved by definite organ of knowledge
Panca-kalyana The five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara; -mahotsava (the celebration of these events)
Panca-mahavrata see also mahavrata
Panca-namaskara-mantra see also namaskara-mantra
Panca-rupya Five characteristics
Papa Unwholesome karmas
Papopadesha Preaching of sin to others.
Para (Samgraha naya) Ultimate
Para prashansa praising others
Para-dravya The being, location, time, or state, respectively, of other objects
Para-pratipatti Understanding of others
Paraghata Destructive; Possessing a limb or organ fatal to others, as a lion's claws,
Paramatman The highest [the liberated] soul
Paramesthin The supreme divinity
Paraninda Speaking ill of others.
Parartha For others (eye etc.)
Parartha (Anumana) For others (i.e. syllogistic)
Pararthya Meant for others
Parasamaya The tenants of others
Paridevana Piteous or pathetic moaning to attract compassion.
Parigraha-tyaga Preparatory to the monk's life. enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to acquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Parigrahatyaga-pratima The ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions
Parihara-vishuddhi Ideal and passionless conduct.
Parinami-nitya Eternal but constantly changing
Parinamika Existence of knowledge
Paripurna (Naigama) Non-distinguished in general
Parisaha-jaya Victory over the afflictions
Parishaha-jaya Sub-dual of sufferings
Paritapiki-kriya Anything which may cause mental pain to oneself or others.
Parivrajaka A non-Jaina mendicant
Parmarthika (Pratyaksa) Transcendental
Paroksa Indirect perception, accomplished through the senses, inference, etc. non-perceptual
Paroparodhakarana Residence in a place where one is not likely to be prohibited by others nor where one should be likely to prohibit others.
Parsad gunaudbhavana proclaiming the good qualities of others.
Parthivi-dharana Visualization of certain scenes by means of the earth element
Parvan Jaina holy days
Paryapta rational five-sensed, fully developable soul.
Paryapti Developable; capable of developing the body.
Mode; a synonym for bhava
Paryayarthikabhasa False point of view of mode
Paryayastikanaya Point of view of the mode
Paryusana-parva A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season
Pasavaccijja Those who follow the discipline of Parsva
Phaddaga A chapter of monks
Pinchi A peacock-feather whiskbroom
Pita-lesya Yellow karmic stain
Pitr-loka World of the Manes
Posadhopavasa The third siksavrata and fourth pratima; fasting on the eighth and
fourteenth days of each lunar fortnight
Posaha-sala Fasting hall
Propagation of the path of Liberation.
Prachala-prachala Heavy drowsiness.
Pradesa Space-point; amount of karma
pradesha-bandha The particular number of the molecules actually absorbed.
Pradeshatva Capacity of having some kind of location in space.
Pradoshiki-kriya Tendency to accuse others in anger
Prakaranasama (Hetvabhasa) Inconclusive
Prakirnaka Miscellaneous; a group of Jaina canonical texts; scatterd stars
Prakrti Original nature of mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; types of
Negligence; carelessness; apathy
Pramada-charitra Thoughtless or inconsiderate conduct, such as plucking flowers or
breaking branches of trees, without any purpose.
Organ of knowledge
Pramana-prasiddhatva Definitelly proved
Pramana-vikalpa-prasiddatva Optionally proved
Pramana-vikalpa-siddha Proved as well as optionally proved
Pramanaikadesatva Cognising a part of the organ of knowledge
Pramanatva (No definition given)
Pramanavakya Statement of the organ of knowledge
Pramatr The knower
Pramatta-virata Total restraint without overcoming pramada; the sixth gunasthana
Pramatva Organ of knowledge
Prameyatva Capacity of being known by someone, or of being the subject-matter of
Pramoda Delight at the sight of beings,better qualified or more advanced than ourselves on the path of liberation.
Pranatipiki-kriya Depriving another of vitalities of age, sense-organs, power or respiration.
Pranayama Yogic control of respiration
Prapyakarita Working in close contact
Prapyakaritva Contactory nature
Prarambha-kriya trying to persevere in one's attachment to worldly belongings.
Prasanga-viparyaya Perverted cause
Prasnadesa Astrologer (who answers questions)
Prasnika Who asks question
Prati-narayana A Jaina literary type; the villian
Pratiharya Miraculous phenomenon
Pratikramana Ritualized confession
Pratima Stages of renunciation for a layman
Pratimas The Eleven stages of the Householder's Life.
Pratipatin (Avadhi) Extinguishing
Pratisedha-sadhaka (Hetu) Which proves something negative
Pratisedharupa (Hetu) Negative
Pratisrika Each one of them
Pratyakhyana Renunciation of certain foods; one of the six avasayakas
Pratyakhyanavarananiya Obstructors of complete renunciation
Pratyakhyanavaraniya Total-vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.
Pratyaksa Direct perception
Pratyaksa viruddha Contradicted by perceptual cognition
Pratyaksagamya Perceived directly
Pratyayiki-kriya Inventing new sense-enjoyments.
Pratyeka Individual; solitary
Pratyeka sharira Individual body; A body enjoyable by one soul only.
Pratyeka Sharira-Vargana Individual body-molecule
Pravacana-matrka The eight exercises that prepare a monk for advanced meditational states
Pravachana-bhakti Devotion to Scriptures.
Pravachanavatsalatva Tender affection for one's brothers on the path of liberation.
Prayascitta Repentence of transgressions
Prayashchitta Expiation--internal austerity.
Prayoga-kriya bodily movement.
Prayogya-labdhi Reduction of karmic matter in soul attainment of purity due to such a
Prayojaka-vrddha A man, who comprehends the word
Prayojya-vrddha Elder person, who is asked to do a thing
Proshadhopavasa Fortnightly must fast.
Taking a vow to fast on 4 days of the month,viz. the two 8th and the two 14th days of every lunar fortnight.
Psadha-pratima The fourth sravaka-pratima
Pudgala Dravya Matter-Substance
pudgala-skandha Aggregate of matter
Pudgalavadin Follower of Buddhist school which upholds a theory of soul
Sexual cravings for a female
Punya-karma Wholesome karma
Punya-ksetra Field of merit
Puranas Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras
Purusa-visesa Special soul, i.e., the God (Isvara) of the Yoga school
Purva A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts, now extinct
Purva ratanu smarana-tyaga Renouncing of thinking over, remembrance of past enjoyment of women.
Purvacara (Hetu) Predecessor
Purvacaranupalabdhi Non-availability of the predecessor
Raga Desire; passion; attachment
Giving up infatuation.
Rajas Principle of motion in the Samkhya doctrine
Rajoharana A whiskbroom
Rasa parityaga Daily renunciation of one or more of six kinds of delicacies Ghee, milk, curd, sugar, salt, and oil--external austerity.
Abandonment of stimulating or delicious food
Pleasure in sense activity
Ratnatraya The three jewels right faith or insight, right knowledge, right conduct
Ratre-bhukta-tyaga Abstinence from eating at night.
Ratri-bhojana Eating at night
Ratribhakta-pratima The sixth stage, in which one limits all sexual activity to nighttime hours
Raudradhyana Meditation on the perverse pleasure of causing injury to others
Rju-sutrabhasa False analytical view point
Rjumati Straight intelligence
Rjusutra (Naya) Analytic stand, point
Rjusutra-naya "Straight-thread" view
Rta Vedic concept of cosmic law
Rupastha-dhyana Concentration on the form of the Jina
Rupatita-dhyana Concentration on that which transcends form the nature of the siddha
Sabala "Disfigured"; offence
Sabda Verbal testimony
Sabda (Kaladigata) Word
Sabda (Naya) The verbal
Sabdabhasa The false verbal view-point
Sabdadyullekha Mention of word etc.
Sabdallekha Mention of word
Sabdanayabhasa False point of view of word
Sachitta-tyaga Abstinence from the flesh of conscious creatures.
Sacittatyaga-pratima The fifth stage, in which a layman ceases to take certain vegetable life as
Sad gunochchhadana concealing the good qualities of others
Sada-mukta Forever free of bondage
Saddharma-vrddhi Increase in righteousness
Sadharana Common body; Possessed and enjoyable by many souls as a potato.
Sadharana-vanaspati Souls which exist together with many others in a common plant body
Sadharma avishamvada Not disputing with one's co-religonists, as to "mine" and "thine".
Sadhu-Samadhi Protecting and reassuring to saints or
removing their troubles.
Sadhya-dharma-visista The object which is qualified by the quality to be proved
Sadhya-dharmadhara The substratum of the quality to be proved
Sadhya-sadhana-bhava Probaundum and probane relationship
Sadhyiji A nun of the Svetambara or Sthanakavasi sect
Sadi Having a beginning
Sadrsya-jnana Knowledge fo similarity
Sahacara Futile invention
Sahacaranupalabdhi Non-availability of one which is simultaneous
Sahasa putting down a thing hurriedly
Sakala-pratyaksa Perfect perception
Sakaladatti Transference of property prior to renunciation
Sakaladesa Full statement
Sakara Having a form
Sallekhana Ritual death by fasting
Sallekhanavrata The decision to perform sallekhana
Samabhirudha (Naya) Subtle
Samabhirudhabhasa False subtle view
Samachaturasra Symmetrical; perfect symmetry all round.
Samadana-kriya tendency to neglect vows, after having taken them.
Samadhi-marana Death while in meditation
Samanaska Endowed with the mental capacity Possessed of mind
Samantanupatana-kriya Answering call of nature in a place frequented by men, women or animals.
Samanya-guna Common Attributes
Samanyalaksana pratyasatti Relatonship of generalisation
Samarambha Preparation for a thing i.e. collecting materials for it. Compare in
Criminal Law the conduct of the criminal before committing the offence.
Samarthana-nyaya Acceptance of the propriety of the cause
Samarthyapratibandha Non-hindrance in capability
Samavasarana Holy assembly of the Jina
Samavayi-dravya-sabda Word indicating a collection
Samayika Attaining equanimity; fusion with the true self
Taking a vow to devote so much time eveyday, once, twice or three times,
at sunrise, sunset, and noon for contemplation of the self for spiritual advancement. Worship--self-contemplation and purifying one's ideas and emotions.
Samayika-caritra Avoiding all evil actions, identical to the assumption of the five mahavratas
Samayika-pratima The third stage of practicing samayika
Samayika-samyama A synonym for samayika-caritra
Samayikavrata Cultivation of equanimity; the second of the siksavratas
Sambandha (Kaladigata) Relationship
Sambandhin Which are related
Samgha Order of monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen
Samgha-pati Leader of lay community
Samgraha (Naya) Generic
Samgrahabhasa False generic point of view
Samgrahika (Naigama) Generic
Samhanana Bones, muscle, etc.
Samhata-pararthatva Collection, meant for others
Samiti (Self-) regulation
Samjni Able to think abstractly about spiritual matters
Samjvalana Perfect conduct preventing. This is th slightest degree of passion and
co-exists with self-restraint of a high order.
Smoldering; -kasaya, subtle passions which are removed as one progresses from the sixth to the twelfth gunasthana
Samkalpaja-himsa Intentional, premeditated violence
Samkramana Energy that contributes to the differentiation or transformation of karmas
Sampada Qualifications (of an acarya)
Sampurna-naigama Full non-distinguished
Samrambha Determination to do a thing - compare intention for an offence in Criminal
Samsara Cycle of transmigration
Samsara anupreksha Mudaneness. Soul moves in the cycle of existences and cannot attain true happiness till he is out of it.
Samsarga (Kaladigata) Contact
Samsargin Which comes in contact
Samsari-jiva Mundane soul
Samshaya Doubt, scepticism, hesitaion, e.g., as to path of Liberation
Samskara Latent mental trace
Samskara-prabodha Awakening of the latent impression
Samskaras Sacred rites
Samsthana Figure; figure of the body.
Samsthanavicaya Contemplation of the structure of the universe
Samudghata Bursting forth; expansion of the soul to the limits of the loka-akasa
Samvara Spiritual path; the stoppage of karmic influx
the stoppage of inflow of karmic matter into the soul.
Samvara anupreksha Stoppage. The inflow must be stopped.
Samvatsari Annual ceremony of public confession
Samvega Agitation leading to disenchantment Perpetual apprehension of mundane niseries.
The apprhension of the miseries of the world.
Samvyavaharika Empirical (intuition)
Samvyavaharika-pratyaksa Direct perception, in the conventional sense
Samyag mithyatva (mishra) Right-wrong belief;mixed wrong and right belief.
Samyag-darsana Right faith
Samyag-drsti Right vision
Samyag-jnana Right cognition
Samyak (Srutajnana) Authentic
Samyak-caritra Proper conduct
Samyak-darsana Correct view of reality; true spiritual insight; faith in the teachings of the
Samyak-drsti The fourth gunasthana, in which one attains samyak-darsana
Samyak-jnana Correct knowledge; knowledge associated with samyak-darsana
Samyak-mithyatva A state of transition in which both correct and incorrect views are present;
the third gunasthana
Samyaka adana nikshepa samiti Proper care in lifting and laying.
Samyaka bhasha samiti Proper care in speaking.
Samyaka eshana samiti Proper care in eating.
Samyaka irya samiti Proper care in walking.
Samyaka utsarga Samiti Proper care in excreting.
Samyaktva Prakriti Clouded-right-belief; right belief clouded by slight wrong belief. Full right belief of the subsidential or destructive knid, being a characteristic
Samyaktva Prakriti primary attribute of the soul, manifests itself at the subsidence or destruction of this sub-class.
Samyaktva-kriya that which strengthens right belief e.g., worship, etc.
Samyam-asamyama restraint by vows of some, but not of others.
Samyamasamyama Restraint of some vows, but not of others, found in laymen only.
Samyogi-dravya-sabda Word indicating a union
Sandigdha-vipaksa-vrttika (Hetvabhasa) Whose existence in the heterologous is doubtful
Sangha The Saints' brotherhoods.
Sangraha-naya Synthetic view
Sanjna (Aksarasruta) Script
Sanjna-sanjni-sambandha Relationship of word and its meaning
Sanjnin (Srutajnana) Discursive
Sanka-matra-vighataka Being a remover of the doubt in general
Sankalana Synthetic judgment
Santara-Shunya-Vargana Inter-non-inter-indifferent molecule
Santara-Vargana Inter-non-inter molecule
Sapaksa Homologous instance
Saparyavasita (Srutajnana) Having end
Sapindikarana A ritual connected with offering of food to the Manes
Sapta-bhangi-naya The sevenfold predication
Saptabhanga Seven aspects
Saptabhangi Seven-fold statement
Saptapadi That portion of the Hindu wedding ceremony in which the couple takes
seven steps around the fire
Saraga-samyama self-control with slight attachment; etc.
Sarage-samyama Self-control with slight attachment found in monks only.
Sarva-virata Attainment of sarva-virati; the sixth gunasthana
Sarva-virati Total restraint of a mendicant
Sarvajna An omniscient being; a synonym for kevalin
Sasana-devata Guardian spirits
Sasvadana State of "mixed taste"; the second gunasthana
Sat-jiva-nikaya The six kinds of living beings, namely, the five ekendriyas and the trasa
Sata-vedaniya Pleasure-feeling; that which brings pleasure.
Sata-vendaniya Pleasure-bearing feeling karmic matter
Sata, Satavedaniya Experience of pleasure
Satpratipaksa Inconclusive reason
Satrsanac Continuous participles
Sattadvaita Non-duality of the existence
Sattveshu Living beings.
Satya Truth Vrata - the vow to abstain from lying
Satya mana True mind
Savicara Accompanied by applied thinking
Savipaka The ripening of fruit by itself.
Savipaka-nirjara The natural maturing of a karma and its separation from the soul.
Sayoga-kevalin A kevalin still possessed of the activities of body, speech, and mind; the thirteenth gunasthana
Shaktitas-tapa The practice of austerities, according to one's capacity.
Shaktitas-tyaga Giving to others, gift of knowledge, food, medicine, etc., according to one's capacity.
Shalya A thorn; a blemish.
Shiksha-vratas Four vows relating to meditation in the morning, noon, and evening, to keeping fast on certain days, and to his duty of daily giving charity in the form of knowledge, medicine, comfort, and food.
Shila vrateshvanatichara Faultless observance of the Five Vows, and faultless subdual of the passions. Shita``Cold.
Shubha Beautiful (body).
Siddha A liberated soul; a kevalin freed from all activities whatsoever
The Realised Soul.
Siddha sadhana The means to prove
Siddha-gati The destiny of the siddha
Siddha-loka The permanent abode of the siddha; a synonym for isat-pragbhara-bhumi
Siddhi Yogic power
Siksavratas Vows of spiritual descipline
Smrti-jnanavarana Knowledge-obscuring karman of memory
Snapana The ceremony of sprinkling or bathing the Jina-image
Snigdha-ruksatva Moisture and dryness (of atoms)
Sparshana-kriya Frivolous indulgence in touching.
Offering of food to the Manes
Sramana A non-Vedic mendicant, usually a Jaina or a Buddhist
Sramanabhuta A novice about to become a mendicant
Sramanopasaka A disciple of the ascetics; a synonym for sravaka
Sravaka A layman; a synonym for upasaka and sramanopasaka
Sravaka-pratima The eleven stages of the path of the layman; a synonym for
Sravakacara Book of the layman's discipline
Sreni Ladder A term applied to the eighth, ninth, and tenth gunasthanas
Sruta Scriptural (cognition)
The oral tradition of Jaina scripture
Sruta-pancami The "scripture-fifth," a Jaina holiday
Srutajnana Knowledge derived from instruction and reasoning
Srutanusarana Basing on word
Srutanusarin Based on word
Srutanusaritva Based on word
Srutopayoga Conscious activity towards verbal thinking
Stava Hymn of praise
Sthanakavasi Dwellers in halls; name of a Jaina sect whose members do not worship in
Sthapana Ritual act of asking a monk to stop for alms
Sthapanacarya Sacred objects used as a substitute for a teacher
Sthapanajina Symbol of Jina
Sthapanajiva Image symbol of soul
Sthapanendra Symbol of Indra
Sthavara Immobile beings, such as plants Immobile, with bodies having one sense only, i.e., the sense of touch.
Elder (of the monastaries)
Sthavirakalpin A monk who lives in an ecclesiastical community
Sthira Steady (circulation of blood, bile, etc.).
Sthitapaksatva Real doctrine
Sthiti karana To help oneself or others to remain steady in the path of truth.
Sthtikarana Acting to promote the stability of another's faith in the Jaina path
Stotra A philosophical hymn
Strimukti Attainment of moksa in a female incarnation
Striraga-katha-shravana tyaga Renouncing of(reading or) hearing stories exciting attachment for women
Striveda Feminine inclination.
Sexual cravings for a male
Stupa Reliquary mound
Subhaga Amiable; amaiable personality, even though not beautiful.
Suddha dravya Pure existence of the substance
Sudra A member of the fourth caste
Sugamdha Sweet-smelling; fragrant.
Sukha-vedana Feeling of happiness
Sukla-lesya Luminous white karmic stain
Sukshma Fine (body) uncuttable and all-pervasive.
Sukshma Nigoda-Vargana Fine-common-body-molecule
Suksma-samparaya The state of having only the subtle passions; the tenth gunasthana
Suksmakriya-anivartin The state of subtle movement
Sunyagara Residence in a solitary place, like a mountain or cave, etc.
Susama-dusama More happy than unhappy
Susama-susama Extremely happy
Susvara Sweet-voiced, musical.
Sutra Style Aphoristic mode of presentation; the canonical scriptures
Suya-nana Scriptural knowledge
Sva sharira sanskara-tyaga Renouncing of beautifying one's own body; self-adornment.
Sva-dravya Specific being, location, time, and state, respectively of oneself
Sva-para-vyavasayin Definiitive cognition of the self and others
Svabhava Own nature
Svabhava-parinama Undefiled change
Svabhava-sthita Established in one's own nature
Svabhava-viruddha Contradiction in nature
Svabhavanupalabdhi Non-availability of the nature
Svadeha-parimana The physical dimensions of the soul identical to those of its current body
Svadhyaya Study--internal austerity.
The study of the scriptures
Svahasta-kriya Undertaking to do by one's own hand, what should be done by others.
Svamitva The knower
Svanuraktatvakarana Sustaining object in its own form
Svapaka The lowest class in Indian society
Svartha (anumana) For oneself (inference)
Svartha-vyavasiti Definite cognition of the self
Svarupa-pratiti Indetermination of knowledge
Svarupa-prayuktavyabhicara Characterised by the innate nature of the object
Svarupa-visesana Indication of nature
Svasamaya One's own doctrine
Svastika Well-being; the stylized wheel of life
like a snake-hole, broad in lower but short in the upper extremities, reverse of Nyag rodha parimandala.
Svetambara White [cotton]-clad; name of Jaina sect whose mendicants wear white garments
Svetapata A synonym for Svetambara
Syadvada The doctrine of qualified assertion
Syat From a particular point of view
In some respect
Syatkara Marked by syat
Sykladhyana Pure concentration
Taijasa Electric body
Electric body of mundane souls which always accompanies them.
Taijasa Agrahya-Vargana Electric-unrecievable-molecule
Taijasa Vargana what the electric body is made of.
Taijasa-sarira Heat body
Taijasa-Vargana Electric Molecule
Tamas The principle of inertia in the Samkhya doctrine
Tan-manohara anga-nirikshana-tyaga Renouncing of seeing their beautiful bodies.
Tanu-vata Rarefied air
Taranapantha A Jaina reform movement started by Taranasvami
Tarka Reductio ad absurdum
Tattva The [nine] "reals," regarded as objects of faith for a Jaina
Tattva-rupavati The meditative practice of envisioning the body as totally pure
Tejo-kayika Fire bodies
Terapantha Path of the thirteen; name of a subsect of the Sthanakavasi
Tirtha Ford; the path of Jaina practice; the monastic order
Tirtha-ksetra A place where arhats have attained moksa
Tirthamkara A Tirthamkara's career with all its grandeur when He preaches and completes His Ministry.
Tirthankara Builders of the ford; the omniscient spiritual teachers of the Jainas; a synonym for Jina
Tirthankara-prakrti Karmas that determine the body of a Tirthankara
Tiryanca Animals and plants, sub-human.
Tiryancha Anupurvi Sub-human--migratory form.
Tiryancha-ayu Sub-human age karma
Tiryanchayu Sub-human age.
Titthiya Pali for Tirthankara
Trairupya Triple characteristic
Trasa Mobile being A being having two or more senses
Mobile, with bodies having 2, 3, 4, and 5 senses.
Trasa-nadi Channel of the mobile beings; that portion of the lokakasa in which the trasas abide
Trilaksana Three characteristics
Ubhaya mana Mixed true and false mind.
Ubhaya-Vachana Both true and false.
Ubhayasambandha (Vyanjana) Relation of the two, i.e. contact-awareness and object-awareness
Ubhayasiddha Proved both ways
Ubhayasiddha (Hetvabhasa) Unproved for both
Ucchedavada Doctrine of annihilation after death
Uchcha Gotra high family.
Uddistatyaga-pratima The eleventh stage, in which a layman renounces any food or lodging that has been specifically prepared for him
Uddistha-tyaga Preparatory to the monk's life. enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into osme very quiet place to acquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation.
Udirana Energy that makes possible the premature fruition of karmas
Udvartana Energy that delays the time and increases the intensity of karmic fruition
Udyota cold light, phosphorescence; cold light like moonshine.
Uha (Pramana) Inductive reasoning
Upa-brimhana Also Upa guhana, advancement in one's own attributes. Free from a tendency to proclaim the foults of others.
Upabhoga Repeated enjoyment
Upabhoga-antaraya Hindrance to repeated enjoyment
Upabhoga, pari bhoga parimana Taking a vow every day limiting one's enjoyment of consumable and non-consumable things.
Upabhogha Antaraya obstuctive of Re-enjoyment of non-consumable things.
Upacara Transference of epithet
Upadana-karana Material cause
Upaghata Self-destructive; Having a self-destructive limb or organ, as a stag's horns.
Upaguhana Protecting a fellow Jaina
Upakarana Mixing up of things necessary for doing any act.
Upakaranendriya Physical sense-organ
Upamana (Pramana) Analogy
Upanayana Ceremony of initiation
Upanga Minor limb
Subsidiary to the Anga; a group of twelve canonical texts
Upaniti The ceremony of initiation for a layman
Upapata Rebirth in hell or heaven
Upasaka A Jaina layman; a synonym for sravaka
Upasaka-pratima The eleven stages of laymanship, a synonym for sravaka-pratima
Upasamana Energy that temporarily prevents karmas from coming to fruition
Upasamharavacana Concluding words
Upasanta-moha The eleventh gunasthana, in which all caritra-mohaniya karmas are briefly
Upatta Of the matter assimilated as karma and non-karma by the soul, that which is accepted by the soul.
Upayoga Applied consciousness
Upayogendriya Functioning sense
Urdhva-loka The celestial world
Utkrama Perverted order
Comes into existence
Utpala-patra-satavyati-bheda Like the piercing of the hundred petals of a lotus
Utsarga-samiti Care in performing the excretory functions
Utsarpini Ascending round
Uttama arjava Supreme Straight-forwardness, (Honesty).
Uttama mardava Supreme Jumility
Uttama samyama Supreme Restraint.
Uttama satya Supreme truth.
Uttama-akinchanya Supreme non-attachment. Not taking the non-self for one's own self.
Uttama-brahmacharya Supreme Chastity.
Uttama-kshama Supreme Forgiveness
Uttama-shaucha Supreme contentment.
Uttama-tapa Supreme Austerities.
Uttama-tyaga Supreme Renunciation.
Uttaracaranupalabdhi (Hetu) Non-availability of the follower
Uvajjhaya Prakrit for upadhyaya
Vacya-vacaka-bhava Relationship of the word and its meaning
Vada Legitimate discourse
Vadara Nigoda Shunya-Vargana Gross common-body-indifferent-molecule
Vadara Nigoda-Vargana Gross common-body-molecule
Vaggupti Preservation of speech.
Vaikalika [Texts studied] beyond the prescribed hours
Fluid,the body of hellish and celestial beings, which they can change at will.
Vaikriyika-mishra Fluid with karmic.
Vainayika-mithyatva Mithyatva due to indiscriminate openmindedness
Vaineyika Religion is identical with veneration of parents, king, etc., e.g.,
Vairagya Aversion leading to renunciation
The non-attachment to sense pleasures.
Vaisya A member of the merchant caste
Vaivahiki-kriya The wedding ceremony
Vaiyavrittya-karana Serving the meritorious..
Vaiyavritya Service of the saints or worthy people--internal austerity.
Vaiyavrttya Respectful service
Vajra Diamond adamantine
Vajra-naracha-Samhanana Adamantine, joints and bones.
Vajra-rishabha-aracha-Samhanana Adamantine, nerves, joints and bones.
Valaya Layer of teh atmosphere
Vanaspati-kaya Plant beings
Vanavasi Forest dweller
Vandana Reverent salutation
Vang Movement by speech
Vardhamana (Avadhi) Augmenting
Varna Caste hierarchy/ class; color; a quality of matter
Varna-vyavastha Class/ caste system
Varnalabha Ritual celebrating the establishment of a new household by a married son
Varuni-dharana A process of meditational "cleansing," accompanied with the water element.
Vasana Memory impression
Vastutva capacity by which a substance has a fuction.
Vatsalya Disinterested affection
Tender affection for one's brother on the path of Liberation.
Vedaka-samyaktva A synonym for ksayopasamika-samyaktva
Vedaniya Feeling Karma
Vedaniya-karma Karma responsible for mundane experience of pain and pleasure
Vibhava Defiled; impure
Vicara Shifting attention from one mode to another
Vidarana-kriya Proclaiming other's sins.
Vidhi-sadhaka (Hetu) Positive, which proves something positive
Vidhikalpana Positive aspect
Vidhirupa (Hetu) Positive
Vidya The arts
Vigraha-gati Movement of a soul to its new destiny
Vihayogati Movement; capacity of moving in space.
Vijigisu Who wants victory
Vikala-pratyaksa Partial perception
Vikaladesa Partial reference
Vikalpa-siddha Optionally proved
Vikalpagamya Optional knowledge
Vikalpatmika Optional only
Vikrti Defiled modification
Vimochitavasa Residence in a deserted place.
Vinaya Reverence to the elders Reverence--internal austerity. Veneration. Taking all religions and gods, even the so-called religions which enjoin cruel or immoral practices, to be equally worthy of pursuit.
Vinaya-sampannata Reverence for means of Liberation and for those who follow them.
Vipaka Karmic retribution
Vipakavicaya Meditation on karmic fruition
Vipaksabadhaka-pramana Proof which obstructs the opponent's view
Vipaksasattva Presence in heterologous cases
Perverse belief, e.g., animal sacrifices lead to heaven. Injury to anyone cannot be a cause of merit.
Viparita-mithatva Perverted or incorrect view
Viparitaropa Contrary imposition
Vipulamati Ample intelligence
Vira-nirvana Beginning of the Jaina era; death [anniversary] of Mahavira
Virodhi-himsa Injury generated by standing in
Virodhi-himsa opposition to an enemy
Virodhi-sanka Doubt of the opponent
Viruddha sahacaranupalambha Non-availability of the concomitant contradictory to the probandum
Viruddha-dharmadhyasa Which imposes the opposite quality
Viruddha-karyanupalambha Non-availability of the effect contradictory to the probandum
Viruddha-svabhavanupalambha Non-availability of the nature contradictory to the probandum
Viruddha-vyapakanupalambha Non-availability of the determinant concomitant contradictory to the
Viruddhakarananupalambha Non-availability of the cause contradictory to the probandum
Viruddhanupalabdhi Non-availability of the contradictory
Viruddhopalabdhi Availability of the contradictory
Virya Antaraya obstructive of power of exercise of one's capacities.
Visamvada Wrangling, etc., wrong-belief, envy, back-biting, self-praise, censuring
others, etc., and causes a bad-body-making karma.
Visani An animal possessed of horns
Visesa-darsana Particular observation
Visesavamarsa Inference of the particular
Vishesha-guna Special Attributes
Visistapratyaksa Qualified direct perception
Vitaraga Free from passion; an epithet for an arhat
Vivaksa Aspect emphasized by a speaker
Vivartavada The theory of illusory causation in monistic Vedanta
Vivikta-sayyasana Solitary place of rest
Vivikta-shayyasana Sitting and sleeping in a lonely place, devoid of animate beings--external
Vrata-pratima The second stage where a layman assumes the anuvratas
Vratyanukampa Compassion for the vowers.
Vrishyeshta rasa-tyaga Renouncing of exciting and aphrodisiac food or drinks.
Vritti-parisankhyana Taking a mental vow to accept food from a house-holder, only if a certain dition is fulfilled, without letting anyone know about the vow--external terity.
Vrtti-parisamkhyana Limiting the extent of one's begging rounds
Vyabhicarin One who contradicts
Vyanjana That which manifests
Vyanjana (Aksarasruta) Consonant
Vyanjanaksara (Sruta) Alphabet
Vyanjanaparyaya Manifest modes
Vyanjanavagraha (Mati) Contact-awareness
Vyantaravasi The peripatetic gods
Vyapaka Determinant concomitant
Vyapakanupalabdhi Non-availability of the determinant concomitant
Vyapti Necessary concomitance
Vyaptigraha Cognition of the concomitance
Vyaptigrahana Cognition of the concomitance
Vyaptijnana Knowledge of necessary concomitance
Vyapya Determinate concomitant
Vyapya (Hetu) Determinate concomitant
Vyapyopalabdhi Availability of concomitant
Vyatikrama Disturbed order
Vyavahara Convention; appropriate proceedings Practical
Vyavahara (Naya) Empirical
Vyavaharabhasa False empirical point of view
Goes out of existance.
Vyuparatakriya-anivartin Absolute nonmotion
Vyutsarga Giving up attachment to the body, etc.--internal austerity.
Renunciation of egoistic thoughts
Yadrccha-sabda Words, which are proper names
Yantra Mystical diagram
Yashah Kirti Fame; bringing good fame even if one does not do good actions.
Yathakhyata-caritra Conduct conforming to perfect purity
Yathapravrtta-karana The soul's ineradicable tendency towards spirtual growth
Yati A spiritually advanced layman of the Svetambara sect
Yoga contemplation Vibration; activities; meditation Vibrations in the soul.
Yojana A measure fo distance equal to about
eight or nine miles