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Course Introduction

Welcome to Linux As A Computational Platform

A quick overview of what you can expect from this course and what this course expects from you.

Introduction to Linux

What is Linux?

  • An operating system
  • A language
  • A philosophy
  • A prominent example of the open source movement

Where did Linux come from?

  • UNIX was developed by AT&T's Bell Laboratories in 1969 by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie and their team.
  • An unpatented system
  • UNIX became the basis for other operating systems in use today (MAC OS, Linux). Family tree.
  • Linux, based on UNIX was first released in 1991 by Linus Torvalds at the University of Helsinki
  • Currently, linux comes in many flavors, also called distributions or distros (Ubuntu, Fedora, RedHat, CentOS, etc)
  • Linux is the basis for Android OS.

Ken Thompson (sitting) and Dennis Ritchie (standing) at the PDP-11 computer on which they wrote the UNIX operating system. Photo: Creative Commons license from the Unix Wikipedia Page

Linus Torvalds at home. Photo: Softpedia Torvalds Shows Off Desk

Why should we use Linux?

  • Power
  • Efficiency
  • Automation
  • Reproducibility
  • Fun
  • Free*

Continue to The Terminal

wiki/intro.txt ยท Last modified: 2016/08/23 08:35 by erin