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CAT

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

NAME

cat − concatenate files and print on the standard output

SYNOPSIS

cat [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION

Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output.
−A
, −−show−all

equivalent to −vET

−b, −−number−nonblank

number nonempty output lines, overrides −n

−e

equivalent to −vE

−E, −−show−ends

display $ at end of each line

−n, −−number

number all output lines

−s, −−squeeze−blank

suppress repeated empty output lines

−t

equivalent to −vT

−T, −−show−tabs

display TAB characters as ^I

−u

(ignored)

−v, −−show−nonprinting

use ^ and M− notation, except for LFD and TAB

−−help

display this help and exit

−−version

output version information and exit

With no FILE, or when FILE is −, read standard input.

EXAMPLES

cat f − g

Output f’s contents, then standard input, then g’s contents.

cat

Copy standard input to standard output.

GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report cat translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

AUTHOR

Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

tac(1)

The full documentation for cat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cat programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info coreutils 'cat invocation'

should give you access to the complete manual.