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CP

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

NAME

cp − copy files and directories

SYNOPSIS

cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
cp
[OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY
cp
[OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

DESCRIPTION

Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
−a
, −−archive

same as −dR −−preserve=all

−−attributes−only

don’t copy the file data, just the attributes

−−backup[=CONTROL]

make a backup of each existing destination file

−b

like −−backup but does not accept an argument

−−copy−contents

copy contents of special files when recursive

−d

same as −−no−dereference −−preserve=links

−f, −−force

if an existing destination file cannot be opened, remove it and try again (this option is ignored when the −n option is also used)

−i, −−interactive

prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous −n option)

−H

follow command−line symbolic links in SOURCE

−l, −−link

hard link files instead of copying

−L, −−dereference

always follow symbolic links in SOURCE

−n, −−no−clobber

do not overwrite an existing file (overrides a previous −i option)

−P, −−no−dereference

never follow symbolic links in SOURCE

−p

same as −−preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

−−preserve[=ATTR_LIST]

preserve the specified attributes (default: mode,ownership,timestamps), if possible additional attributes: context, links, xattr, all

−c

deprecated, same as −−preserve=context

−−no−preserve=ATTR_LIST

don’t preserve the specified attributes

−−parents

use full source file name under DIRECTORY

−R, −r, −−recursive

copy directories recursively

−−reflink[=WHEN]

control clone/CoW copies. See below

−−remove−destination

remove each existing destination file before attempting to open it (contrast with −−force)

−−sparse=WHEN

control creation of sparse files. See below

−−strip−trailing−slashes

remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

−s, −−symbolic−link

make symbolic links instead of copying

−S, −−suffix=SUFFIX

override the usual backup suffix

−t, −−target−directory=DIRECTORY

copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

−T, −−no−target−directory

treat DEST as a normal file

−u, −−update

copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination file or when the destination file is missing

−v, −−verbose

explain what is being done

−x, −−one−file−system

stay on this file system

−Z

set SELinux security context of destination file to default type

−−context[=CTX]

like −Z, or if CTX is specified then set the SELinux or SMACK security context to CTX

−−help

display this help and exit

−−version

output version information and exit

By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well. That is the behavior selected by −−sparse=auto. Specify −−sparse=always to create a sparse DEST file whenever the SOURCE file contains a long enough sequence of zero bytes. Use −−sparse=never to inhibit creation of sparse files.

When −−reflink[=always] is specified, perform a lightweight copy, where the data blocks are copied only when modified. If this is not possible the copy fails, or if −−reflink=auto is specified, fall back to a standard copy.

The backup suffix is ’~’, unless set with −−suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the −−backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:
none, off

never make backups (even if −−backup is given)

numbered, t

make numbered backups

existing, nil

numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

simple, never

always make simple backups

As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an existing, regular file.

GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report cp translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

AUTHOR

Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

The full documentation for cp is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cp programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info coreutils 'cp invocation'

should give you access to the complete manual.