CT320

CT320: Network and System Administration

Fall 2018

Top Level Domains

See this page as a slide show

Top Level Domains

Top Level Domains

https://data.iana.org/TLD/tlds-alpha-by-domain.txt

The Original Top-Level Domains

About 1984, the original TLDs were created:

Country Codes

There are 247 two-letter ASCII country codes, as assigned in ISO 3166-1:

.ac .ad .ae .af .ag .ai .al .am .ao .aq .ar .as .at .au .aw .ax .az .ba .bb .bd .be .bf .bg .bh .bi .bj .bm .bn .bo .br .bs .bt .bv .bw .by .bz .ca .cc .cd .cf .cg .ch .ci .ck .cl .cm .cn .co .cr .cu .cv .cw .cx .cy .cz .de .dj .dk .dm .do .dz .ec .ee .eg .er .es .et .eu .fi .fj .fk .fm .fo .fr .ga .gb .gd .ge .gf .gg .gh .gi .gl .gm .gn .gp .gq .gr .gs .gt .gu .gw .gy .hk .hm .hn .hr .ht .hu .id .ie .il .im .in .io .iq .ir .is .it .je .jm .jo .jp .ke .kg .kh .ki .km .kn .kp .kr .kw .ky .kz .la .lb .lc .li .lk .lr .ls .lt .lu .lv .ly .ma .mc .md .me .mg .mh .mk .ml .mm .mn .mo .mp .mq .mr .ms .mt .mu .mv .mw .mx .my .mz .na .nc .ne .nf .ng .ni .nl .no .np .nr .nu .nz .om .pa .pe .pf .pg .ph .pk .pl .pm .pn .pr .ps .pt .pw .py .qa .re .ro .rs .ru .rw .sa .sb .sc .sd .se .sg .sh .si .sj .sk .sl .sm .sn .so .sr .st .su .sv .sx .sy .sz .tc .td .tf .tg .th .tj .tk .tl .tm .tn .to .tr .tt .tv .tw .tz .ua .ug .uk .us .uy .uz .va .vc .ve .vg .vi .vn .vu .wf .ws .ye .yt .za .zm .zw

Second Wave

In the early 2000s, several TLDs were added:

Speculation

As of October 2017, applin.com was available for $3,495 00.

Other Domains

We are currently in a speculation bubble, as top-level domains are being sold for a lot of money. Here are the 1295 non-country domains, as of October 2017:

aaa aarp abarth abb abbott abbvie abc able abogado abudhabi academy accenture accountant accountants aco active actor adac ads adult aeg aero aetna afamilycompany afl africa agakhan agency aig aigo airbus airforce airtel akdn alfaromeo alibaba alipay allfinanz allstate ally alsace alstom americanexpress americanfamily amex amfam amica amsterdam analytics android anquan anz aol apartments app apple aquarelle arab aramco archi army arpa art arte asda asia associates athleta attorney auction audi audible audio auspost author auto autos avianca aws axa azure baby baidu banamex bananarepublic band bank bar barcelona barclaycard barclays barefoot bargains baseball basketball bauhaus bayern bbc bbt bbva bcg bcn beats beauty beer bentley berlin best bestbuy bet bharti bible bid bike bing bingo bio biz black blackfriday blanco blockbuster blog bloomberg blue bms bmw bnl bnpparibas boats boehringer bofa bom bond boo book booking boots bosch bostik boston bot boutique box bradesco bridgestone broadway broker brother brussels budapest bugatti build builders business buy buzz bzh cab cafe cal call calvinklein cam camera camp cancerresearch canon capetown capital capitalone car caravan cards care career careers cars cartier casa case caseih cash casino cat catering catholic cba cbn cbre cbs ceb center ceo cern cfa cfd chanel channel chase chat cheap chintai christmas chrome chrysler church cipriani circle cisco citadel citi citic city cityeats claims cleaning click clinic clinique clothing cloud club clubmed coach codes coffee college cologne com comcast commbank community company compare computer comsec condos construction consulting contact contractors cooking cookingchannel cool coop corsica country coupon coupons courses credit creditcard creditunion cricket crown crs cruise cruises csc cuisinella cymru cyou dabur dad dance data date dating datsun day dclk dds deal dealer deals degree delivery dell deloitte delta democrat dental dentist desi design dev dhl diamonds diet digital direct directory discount discover dish diy dnp docs doctor dodge dog doha domains dot download drive dtv dubai duck dunlop duns dupont durban dvag dvr earth eat eco edeka edu education email emerck energy engineer engineering enterprises epost epson equipment ericsson erni esq estate esurance etisalat eurovision eus events everbank exchange expert exposed express extraspace fage fail fairwinds faith family fan fans farm farmers fashion fast fedex feedback ferrari ferrero fiat fidelity fido film final finance financial fire firestone firmdale fish fishing fit fitness flickr flights flir florist flowers fly foo food foodnetwork football ford forex forsale forum foundation fox free fresenius frl frogans frontdoor frontier ftr fujitsu fujixerox fun fund furniture futbol fyi gal gallery gallo gallup game games gap garden gbiz gdn gea gent genting george ggee gift gifts gives giving glade glass gle global globo gmail gmbh gmo gmx godaddy gold goldpoint golf goo goodhands goodyear goog google gop got gov grainger graphics gratis green gripe grocery group guardian gucci guge guide guitars guru hair hamburg hangout haus hbo hdfc hdfcbank health healthcare help helsinki here hermes hgtv hiphop hisamitsu hitachi hiv hkt hockey holdings holiday homedepot homegoods homes homesense honda honeywell horse hospital host hosting hot hoteles hotels hotmail house how hsbc htc hughes hyatt hyundai ibm icbc ice icu ieee ifm ikano imamat imdb immo immobilien industries infiniti info ing ink institute insurance insure int intel international intuit investments ipiranga irish iselect ismaili ist istanbul itau itv iveco iwc jaguar java jcb jcp jeep jetzt jewelry jio jlc jll jmp jnj jobs joburg jot joy jpmorgan jprs juegos juniper kaufen kddi kerryhotels kerrylogistics kerryproperties kfh kia kim kinder kindle kitchen kiwi koeln komatsu kosher kpmg kpn krd kred kuokgroup kyoto lacaixa ladbrokes lamborghini lamer lancaster lancia lancome land landrover lanxess lasalle lat latino latrobe law lawyer lds lease leclerc lefrak legal lego lexus lgbt liaison lidl life lifeinsurance lifestyle lighting like lilly limited limo lincoln linde link lipsy live living lixil loan loans locker locus loft lol london lotte lotto love lpl lplfinancial ltd ltda lundbeck lupin luxe luxury macys madrid maif maison makeup man management mango map market marketing markets marriott marshalls maserati mattel mba mckinsey med media meet melbourne meme memorial men menu meo merckmsd metlife miami microsoft mil mini mint mit mitsubishi mlb mls mma mobi mobile mobily moda moe moi mom monash money monster mopar mormon mortgage moscow moto motorcycles mov movie movistar msd mtn mtr museum mutual nab nadex nagoya name nationwide natura navy nba nec net netbank netflix network neustar new newholland news next nextdirect nexus nfl ngo nhk nico nike nikon ninja nissan nissay nokia northwesternmutual norton now nowruz nowtv nra nrw ntt nyc obi observer off office okinawa olayan olayangroup oldnavy ollo omega one ong onl online onyourside ooo open oracle orange org organic origins osaka otsuka ott ovh page panasonic panerai paris pars partners parts party passagens pay pccw pet pfizer pharmacy phd philips phone photo photography photos physio piaget pics pictet pictures pid pin ping pink pioneer pizza place play playstation plumbing plus pnc pohl poker politie porn post pramerica praxi press prime pro prod productions prof progressive promo properties property protection pru prudential pub pwc qpon quebec quest qvc racing radio raid read realestate realtor realty recipes red redstone redumbrella rehab reise reisen reit reliance ren rent rentals repair report republican rest restaurant review reviews rexroth rich richardli ricoh rightathome ril rio rip rmit rocher rocks rodeo rogers room rsvp rugby ruhr run rwe ryukyu saarland safe safety sakura sale salon samsclub samsung sandvik sandvikcoromant sanofi sap sapo sarl sas save saxo sbi sbs sca scb schaeffler schmidt scholarships school schule schwarz science scjohnson scor scot search seat secure security seek select sener services ses seven sew sex sexy sfr shangrila sharp shaw shell shia shiksha shoes shop shopping shouji show showtime shriram silk sina singles site ski skin sky skype sling smart smile sncf soccer social softbank software sohu solar solutions song sony soy space spiegel spot spreadbetting srl srt stada staples star starhub statebank statefarm statoil stc stcgroup stockholm storage store stream studio study style sucks supplies supply support surf surgery suzuki swatch swiftcover swiss sydney symantec systems tab taipei talk taobao target tatamotors tatar tattoo tax taxi tci tdk team tech technology tel telecity telefonica temasek tennis teva thd theater theatre tiaa tickets tienda tiffany tips tires tirol tjmaxx tjx tkmaxx tmall today tokyo tools top toray toshiba total tours town toyota toys trade trading training travel travelchannel travelers travelersinsurance trust trv tube tui tunes tushu tvs ubank ubs uconnect unicom university uno uol ups vacations vana vanguard vegas ventures verisign versicherung vet viajes video vig viking villas vin vip virgin visa vision vista vistaprint viva vivo vlaanderen vodka volkswagen volvo vote voting voto voyage vuelos wales walmart walter wang wanggou warman watch watches weather weatherchannel webcam weber website wed wedding weibo weir whoswho wien wiki williamhill win windows wine winners wme wolterskluwer woodside work works world wow wtc wtf xbox xerox xfinity xihuan xin xn--11b4c3d xn--1ck2e1b xn--1qqw23a xn--2scrj9c xn--30rr7y xn--3bst00m xn--3ds443g xn--3e0b707e xn--3hcrj9c xn--3oq18vl8pn36a xn--3pxu8k xn--42c2d9a xn--45br5cyl xn--45brj9c xn--45q11c xn--4gbrim xn--54b7fta0cc xn--55qw42g xn--55qx5d xn--5su34j936bgsg xn--5tzm5g xn--6frz82g xn--6qq986b3xl xn--80adxhks xn--80ao21a xn--80aqecdr1a xn--80asehdb xn--80aswg xn--8y0a063a xn--90a3ac xn--90ae xn--90ais xn--9dbq2a xn--9et52u xn--9krt00a xn--b4w605ferd xn--bck1b9a5dre4c xn--c1avg xn--c2br7g xn--cck2b3b xn--cg4bki xn--clchc0ea0b2g2a9gcd xn--czr694b xn--czrs0t xn--czru2d xn--d1acj3b xn--d1alf xn--e1a4c xn--eckvdtc9d xn--efvy88h xn--estv75g xn--fct429k xn--fhbei xn--fiq228c5hs xn--fiq64b xn--fiqs8s xn--fiqz9s xn--fjq720a xn--flw351e xn--fpcrj9c3d xn--fzc2c9e2c xn--fzys8d69uvgm xn--g2xx48c xn--gckr3f0f xn--gecrj9c xn--gk3at1e xn--h2breg3eve xn--h2brj9c xn--h2brj9c8c xn--hxt814e xn--i1b6b1a6a2e xn--imr513n xn--io0a7i xn--j1aef xn--j1amh xn--j6w193g xn--jlq61u9w7b xn--jvr189m xn--kcrx77d1x4a xn--kprw13d xn--kpry57d xn--kpu716f xn--kput3i xn--l1acc xn--lgbbat1ad8j xn--mgb9awbf xn--mgba3a3ejt xn--mgba3a4f16a xn--mgba7c0bbn0a xn--mgbaakc7dvf xn--mgbaam7a8h xn--mgbab2bd xn--mgbai9azgqp6j xn--mgbayh7gpa xn--mgbb9fbpob xn--mgbbh1a xn--mgbbh1a71e xn--mgbc0a9azcg xn--mgbca7dzdo xn--mgberp4a5d4ar xn--mgbgu82a xn--mgbi4ecexp xn--mgbpl2fh xn--mgbt3dhd xn--mgbtx2b xn--mgbx4cd0ab xn--mix891f xn--mk1bu44c xn--mxtq1m xn--ngbc5azd xn--ngbe9e0a xn--ngbrx xn--node xn--nqv7f xn--nqv7fs00ema xn--nyqy26a xn--o3cw4h xn--ogbpf8fl xn--p1acf xn--p1ai xn--pbt977c xn--pgbs0dh xn--pssy2u xn--q9jyb4c xn--qcka1pmc xn--qxam xn--rhqv96g xn--rovu88b xn--rvc1e0am3e xn--s9brj9c xn--ses554g xn--t60b56a xn--tckwe xn--tiq49xqyj xn--unup4y xn--vermgensberater-ctb xn--vermgensberatung-pwb xn--vhquv xn--vuq861b xn--w4r85el8fhu5dnra xn--w4rs40l xn--wgbh1c xn--wgbl6a xn--xhq521b xn--xkc2al3hye2a xn--xkc2dl3a5ee0h xn--y9a3aq xn--yfro4i67o xn--ygbi2ammx xn--zfr164b xperia xxx xyz yachts yahoo yamaxun yandex yodobashi yoga yokohama you youtube yun zappos zara zero zip zippo zone zuerich

Punycode

DNS requires ASCII-only. However, the Punycode encoding scheme allows for domains in all languages, e.g., Chinese, Arabic, Hindi, etc.

Here are several examples (scroll down).

Reserved

Modified: 2017-11-06T21:26

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